Scientific Platform

Scientific Platform

A number of distinguished researchers have highlighted the importance of the fact that the required leadership and character of work differs significantly between different organizational levels:

• The social psychology of organizations (Katz & Kahn 1978)

• Military executive leadership (Jacobs & Jaques 1990)

• Time: The Hidden Dimension in Strategic Planning (Das 1991)

• Competitive advantage: Conceptual imperatives for executives (Jacobs & McGee 2001)

• Leadership theory and practice: Fostering an effective symbiosis (Zaccaro & Horn 2003)

• The architecture of managerial leadership (Hunt, Osborn, Boal 2009)


One of the researchers who has contributed the most to theoretical and methodological development in this area is Elliott Jaques, well known for identifying and coining the term “Corporate Culture” and for publications such as General Theory of Bureaucracy (1976), In Praise of Hierarchy, Harvard Business Review (1990) and Requisite Organization (1996). Jaques et al. developed “Stratified Systems Theory” based on the possibility to define organizational levels quantitatively. He was also instrumental in developing Enhancer’s methods for commercial application and was until his passing in 2003 a shareholder and honorary board member of Enhancer Consulting.

Many world-leading organizations and their executives, ranging from global companies and major public institutions to entrepreneurial businesses, have used these methods and concepts in both highly dynamic and more mature organizational environments. Detailed descriptions of some of the implementations in various types of organizations are described in the following publications: 


• Organization Design, Levels of Work & Human Capability (Gray, Hunt, McArthur 2007)

• It’s All About Work: Organizing Your Company To Get Work Done (Clement 2013)

• Optimizing Organization Design (Capelle 2014)