An organization’s operation, effectiveness and efficiency is a function of the integration of a number of components, i.e. strategy, structure, staffing, skills, systems and corporate culture. In order to align and integrate these parts, and to achieve organizational performance, it is essential to adopt a holistic systems approach. RO makes it possible to look at the parts - defined and measured - but also the relationship between the parts working together to create a total output. The concepts and practices embedded in RO are the result of the systematic application of scientific discoveries about the nature of work and the nature of people's capability for work, collected from over 50 years of research within organizations all over the world.
Extensive research has validated that people have different levels of capability for predicting and taking responsibility for the long-term consequences of decisions and actions in the here and now. It has also revealed the factors determining why a role needs to be organized on a certain level if the delegated tasks are to be executed and coordinated in the best possible way. The discovery also explains why organizations have been, and still are, structured in hierarchies, and how they should be structured, staffed and managed in order to achieve the desired results.